In Mexico the charro is a popular personage of the former epochs of the country who was a wealthy person, a great rider in rural zones and who has been immortalized in the literature, cinema and in the paintings.
The suit of the charro person represents the luxuries of the landowners, since they were taking in the long jackets buttons of silver and in some case of gold, besides the economic, social power that they had on having had big extensions of land and cattle.
It might say that the cowherd Americano is a version of the charro
The modern charro practises the charrería that is the national sport in Mexico but sadly her almost the whole population does not know what is the charrería, first for that it is difficult to support a horse and for the lack of space
After the independence, the men of horse increased very much. Normally they were owners of small farms or independent lessors whom they were calling chinacos whereas they were calling the employees Caporales
The rich landowners were adorning his suits like the aristocrats and the officials of cavalry boasting of his wealths whereas the least rich only were adorning his suits with embroideries of fiber of aloe ó with fretworks and footwears of chamois.
The Mexican saddle is very comfortable but heavy compared with others of diverse countries, since it has a skeleton of wood, has wrapper of leather and metallic stirrups.
The Mexican saddles are considered to be a work of art since they have most made jealous leather that forms figures in all his elements, some of them have moldings of silver, threads of colors that embellish the dresses and are in the habit of accompanying of touches where they stick or hang the same machete that a fourth, rifle or an overcoat.
The preparations and dresses of the charrowere copied by the American cowboy. The saddle texana these stocks in the Mexican one
The Horse Charromust be of median lifted, very strong, of noble and fast temperament.
The "riata" or rope of lassoing is indispensable for the charrería as well as the spurs, chaps and the Charro's suit.
The principal creative ones of this gown of the Mexican cowherd and of the chief have been the women of the field, who with great skill and ingenuity were throwing hand of materials less luxurious than those of the bosses of his husbands and children to make resistant articles so much like beautiful.
A very important article they are the chaps. By chaps a useful cloth is understood to realize certain tasks of the art of the charrería; one does not have to forget that the practice of the managing of major animals in Mexico was the origin of today it is called an art of the charrería. It is neither a mere folklore nor a game but the result of the managing of the animals to shoe them and to group them to lead them well to the slaughter house or other distant places, to vaccinate them or other occupations. The chaparrera is so a skirt of leather that sticks with straps to the waist on the back part and they hang from him two wide strips of stout leather that in turn stick, with cintillas or set of buttons, for behind of the legs, the thighs, and manage to cover almost up to the ankles forming as a protective cuirass at the moment of realizing lucks astride An example of his use is to there be protected from the "short ones" or shrubs - from there his name-, that on having ridden or to be employed at the field rub with the leg and they would tear the trousers if it was not for this protection "chaparrera" of the low branches and espinadas. In the luck of the piales - in addition - the riata is in the habit of rubbing with the thigh, thing that of not being for the chaparrera would burn the clothes and the thigh with the force of such a strong pull to derive the animal. In addition, it covers a bit more the interior part of the thigh that rubs with the shaft of the chair and, that with much to mount and I harass, manages to produce severe sores.
The Chinacos were using a flat hat similar to the Andalusian. Long trousers of blanket covered by another trousers opened of the exterior sides which were buttoned by a set of buttons that gave place whom later there have used the charros themselves who in those days had an apparel similar to that of the chinaco, but more ostentatious.
With the Mexican Revolution this gown "was" "democratized" and spent to being the national pomp.
The famous hat, it is done of felt of wool, of hair of hare or of straw of wheat and is an authentic protection for the brilliant Sun of Mexico and for the fall from the loin of a horse. Because of it the charro's real hat is of broad wing, raised of the later part; it goes in the glass four "blows" that give him resistance in case of impact. For this last case there is better the made hat of palm, which is more solid without being too heavy.
In agreement to the region he presents variants: in the driest zones, the wing is broader that in the wooded zones, and in those with major dampness, the materials are fresher and light than in the high land.
They are in the habit of making up generally with shawls and embroidered or "soaked" edges. The most secondhand types of hat are: the " San Luis Moderado ", "Flashily dressed", "Cocula", "Hacendado", etc.
A hat of real charrogets about itself to do with specialized craftsmen and is very different from the one that sells in the shops of "souvenirs" for tourists.
More uses of the hat can be added charro. For whom they have used it they know the multiple uses and benefits of his design. Some of them can be: not only it covers of the brilliant Sun but equally of the wind and, especially, of the powder; with him a fire is stoked since it goes out if the field is ignited; a viper is stunned and then one kills her, protecting of his mortal graft; A nice throw is realized to a fighting bull who goes out for the mount and one avoids him; him there are given something to drink a cuaco or to hundred that existed; the anonymity is covered before a throw of love or of getting away itself from an enemy; it is in use as shield in the defense of an assault to machete or razor, taking it of the barbiquejo; it covers marvellously of the rain that, with sleeve of straw or canvas ahulada, is the best umbrella afoot or astride; in jaripeo, especially of bulls zebu, it protects of the dangers of a gore and, in case of fall, does the times of hull; and other uses that they might add for whom we have used it in the field.